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Valentine's Day & When is Valentine's Day
Valentines day valentines, when is Valentines day, Valentine's day February 14, Valentines day history and legends
About
Valentines Day
Saint Valentine's Day, commonly shortened to Valentine's Day, is an annual
commemoration held on February 14 celebrating love and affection
between intimate companions. The day is named after one or more early
Christian martyrs named Saint Valentine, and was established by Pope
Gelasius I in 496 AD. It was deleted from the General Roman Calendar of
saints in 1969 by Pope Paul VI. It is traditionally a day on which lovers
express their love for each other by presenting flowers, offering
confectionery, and sending greeting cards (known as "valentines"). The
day first became associated with romantic love in the circle of Geoffrey
Chaucer in the High Middle Ages, when the tradition of courtly love
flourished.

Modern Valentine's Day symbols include the heart-shaped outline, doves,
and the figure of the winged Cupid. Since the 19th century, handwritten
valentines have given way to mass-produced greeting cards.

(Valentinus presb. m. Romae) and Valentine of Terni (Valentinus ep. Interamnensis m. Romae). Valentine of Rome was a
priest in Rome who was martyred about AD 269 and was buried on the Via Flaminia. His relics are at the Church of Saint
Praxed in Rome, and at Whitefriar Street Carmelite Church in Dublin, Ireland.

Valentine of Terni became bishop of Interamna (modern Terni) about AD 197 and is said to have been martyred during the
persecution under Emperor Aurelian. He is also buried on the Via Flaminia, but in a different location than Valentine of Rome.
His relics are at the Basilica of Saint Valentine in Terni (Basilica di San Valentino).

The Catholic Encyclopedia also speaks of a third saint named Valentine who was mentioned in early martyrologies under date
of February 14. He was martyred in Africa with a number of companions, but nothing more is known about him.

No romantic elements are present in the original early medieval biographies of either of these martyrs. By the time a Saint
Valentine became linked to romance in the 14th century, distinctions between Valentine of Rome and Valentine of Terni were
utterly lost.

In the 1969 revision of the Roman Catholic Calendar of Saints, the feast day of Saint Valentine on February 14 was removed
from the General Roman Calendar and relegated to particular (local or even national) calendars for the following reason:
"Though the memorial of Saint Valentine is ancient, it is left to particular calendars, since, apart from his name, nothing is
known of Saint Valentine except that he was buried on the Via Flaminia on February 14." The feast day is still celebrated in
Balzan (Malta) where relics of the saint are claimed to be found, and also throughout the world by Traditionalist Catholics who
follow the older, pre-Second Vatican Council calendar. February 14 is also celebrated as St Valentine's Day in other Christian
denominations; it has, for example, the rank of 'commemoration' in the calendar of the Church of England and other parts of
the Anglican Communion.

Legends

Saint Valentine of Terni and his disciples.

The Early Medieval acta of either Saint Valentine were expounded briefly in Legenda Aurea. According to that version, St
Valentine was persecuted as a Christian and interrogated by Roman Emperor Claudius II in person. Claudius was impressed
by Valentine and had a discussion with him, attempting to get him to convert to Roman paganism in order to save his life.
Valentine refused and tried to convert Claudius to Christianity instead. Because of this, he was executed. Before his
execution, he is reported to have performed a miracle by healing the blind daughter of his jailer.

Since Legenda Aurea still provided no connections whatsoever with sentimental love, appropriate lore has been embroidered
in modern times to portray Valentine as a priest who refused an unattested law attributed to Roman Emperor Claudius II,
allegedly ordering that young men remain single. The Emperor supposedly did this to grow his army, believing that married
men did not make for good soldiers. The priest Valentine, however, secretly performed marriage ceremonies for young men.
When Claudius found out about this, he had Valentine arrested and thrown in jail.

There is an additional modern embellishment to The Golden Legend, provided by American Greetings to History.com, and
widely repeated despite having no historical basis whatsoever. On the evening before Valentine was to be executed, he would
have written the first "valentine" card himself, addressed to a young girl variously identified as his beloved, as the jailer's
daughter whom he had befriended and healed, or both. It was a note that read "From your Valentine."
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